Oracle Database 11g: SQL Tuning Workshop Release 2

Course Description & Objectives:

           This course assists database developers, DBAs and SQL developers to identify and tune inefficient SQL statements. Learn investigative methods to reveal varying levels of detail about how the Oracle database executes the SQL statement; this helps you determine the root causes of the inefficient SQL statements.

Students learn to:

  • Use Oracle tools to identify inefficient SQL statements.
  • Use Automatic SQL Tuning.
  • Use Real Time SQL monitoring.
  • Write more efficient SQL statements.
  • Monitor and trace high load SQL statements.
  • Manage optimizer statistics on database objects.

Interpret execution plans, and the different ways in which data can be accessed.

Duration:

24 hours.

Gaining skills:
  • Use the Oracle Database tuning methodology appropriate to the available tools
  • Utilize database advisors to proactively tune an Oracle Database Instance
  • Use the tools based on the Automatic Workload Repository to tune the database
  • Diagnose and tune common SQL related performance problems
  • Diagnose and tune common Instance related performance problems
  • Use Enterprise Manager performance-related pages to monitor an Oracle Database
Intended Audience
  • Application Developers
  • Data Warehouse Developer
  • Developer
  • PL/SQL Developer
  • Database Administrators
  • Data Warehouse Administrator
  • Support Engineer
Prerequisites:

Before attending this course, students must have:

  • Oracle Database 11g: Administration Workshop I R2
  • Oracle Database 11g: Administration Workshop II DBA R2
Course Modules:

1.     Course Introduction

  • This lesson introduces the Performance Tuning course objectives and agenda

2.     Basic Tuning Tools

  • Monitoring tools overview
  • Enterprise Manager
  • V$ Views, Statistics and Metrics
  • Wait Events.

3.     Using Automatic Workload Repository

  • Managing the Automatic Workload RepositoryCreate AWR Snapshots
  • Real Time SQL Monitoring (a 11.1 feature new lesson in NF L-15).

4.     Defining Problem

  • Defining the Problem
  • Limit the Scope & Setting the Priority
  • Top SQL Reports
  • Common Tuning Problems & Tuning During the Life Cycle
  • ADDM Tuning Session
  • Performance Versus Business Requirements
  • Performance Tuning Resources & Filing a Performance Service Request
  • Monitoring and Tuning Tools: Overview

5.     Using Metrics and Alerts

  • Describe, create, and manage a standard switch.
  • Describe and modify standard switch properties.
  • Configure virtual switch load-balancing algorithms.

6.     Using Baselines

  • Comparative Performance Analysis with AWR Baselines
  • Automatic Workload Repository Baselines
  • Moving Window Baseline
  • Baselines in Performance Page Settings & Baseline Templates
  • AWR Baselines & Creating AWR Baselines
  • Managing Baselines with PL/SQL & Baseline Views
  • Performance Monitoring and Baselines & Defining Alert Thresholds Using a Static Baseline
  • Using EM to Quickly Configure & Changing Adaptive Threshold Settings

7.     Using AWR Based Tools

  • Automatic Maintenance Tasks
  • ADDM Performance Monitoring
  • Active Session History: Overview

8.     Monitoring an Application

  • What Is a Service? Service Attributes & Service Types
  • Creating Services & Managing Services in a Single-Instance Environment
  • Everything Switches to Services
  • SQL Tuning Advisor: Overview
  • Using the SQL Access Advisor
  • SQL Plan Management: Overview

9.     Using Database Replay

  • The Big Picture & System Architecture
  • Capture & Replay Considerations
  • Replay Options & Analysis
  • Database Replay Workflow in Enterprise Manager
  • Packages and Procedures
  • Data Dictionary Views: Database Replay
  • Database Replay: PL/SQL Example
  • Calibrating Replay Clients.

10.   Tuning the Shared Pool

  • Shared Pool Architecture & Operation
  • The Library Cache & Latch and Mutex
  • Diagnostic Tools for Tuning the Shared Pool
  • Avoiding Hard & Soft Parses
  • Sizing the Shared Pool & Avoiding Fragmentation
  • Data Dictionary Cache & SQL Query Result Cache
  • UGA and Oracle Shared Server
  • Large Pool & Tuning the Large Pool.

11.  Tuning the Buffer Cache

  • Oracle Database Architecture: Buffer Cache
  • Database Buffers
  • Buffer Hash Table for Lookups
  • Working Sets
  • Buffer Cache Tuning Goals and Techniques
  • Buffer Cache Performance Symptoms & Solutions
  • Automatically Tuned Multiblock Reads
  • Flushing the Buffer Cache (for Testing Only).

12.  Tuning PGA and Temporary Space

  • SQL Memory Usage & Performance Impact
  • SQL Memory Manager
  • Configuring Automatic PGA Memory & Setting PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET Initially
  • Monitoring & Tuning SQL Memory Usage
  • PGA Target Advice Statistics & Histograms
  • Automatic PGA and Enterprise Manager & Automatic PGA and AWR Reports
  • Temporary Tablespace Management: Overview & Monitoring Temporary Tablespace
  • Temporary Tablespace Shrink & Tablespace Option for Creating Temporary Table.

13.  Automatic Memory Management

  • Oracle Database Architecture, Dynamic SGA & Memory Advisories
  • Granule & Manually Adding Granules to Components
  • Using Services with Client Applications & Using Services with the Resource Manager
  • Services and Resource Manager with EM & Using Services with the Scheduler
  • Using Services with Parallel Operations & Metric Thresholds
  • Service Aggregation and Tracing & Service Aggregation Configuration.
  • Client Identifier Aggregation and Tracing & Service Performance Views.

14.  Identifying Problem SQL Statements

  • SQL Statement Processing Phases & Role of the Oracle Optimizer
  • Identifying Bad SQL, Real Time SQL Monitoring (a 11.1 feature new lesson in NF L-15) & TOP SQL Reports
  • What Is an Execution Plan? Methods for Viewing Execution Plans & Uses of Execution Plans
  • DBMS_XPLAN Package: Overview & EXPLAIN PLAN Command
  • Reading an Execution Plan, Using the V$SQL_PLAN View & Querying the AWR
  • SQL*Plus AUTOTRACE & SQL Trace Facility
  • How to Use the SQL Trace Facility
  • Generate an Optimizer Trace

15.  Influencing the Optimizer

  • Functions of the Query Optimizer, Selectivity, Cardinality and Cost & Changing Optimizer Behavior
  • Using Hints, Optimizer Statistics & Extended Statistics
  • Controlling the Behavior of the Optimizer with Parameters
  • Enabling Query Optimizer Features & Influencing the Optimizer Approach
  • Optimizing SQL Statements, Access Paths & Choosing an Access Path
  • Join & Sort Operations
  • How the Query Optimizer Chooses Execution Plans for Joins
  • Reducing the Cost

16.  Using SQL Performance Analyzer

  • Real Application Testing: Overview & Use Cases
  • SQL Performance Analyzer: Process & Capturing the SQL Workload
  • Creating a SQL Performance Analyzer Task & SPA (NF Lesson 9) DBMS_SQLTUNE.CREATE_TUNING_TASK
  • Optimizer Upgrade Simulation & SQL Performance Analyzer Task Page
  • Comparison Report & Comparison Report SQL Detail
  • Tuning Regressing Statements & Preventing Regressions
  • Parameter Change Analysis & Guided Workflow Analysis
  • SQL Performance Analyzer: PL/SQL Example & Data Dictionary Views

17.  SQL Performance Management

  • Maintaining SQL Performance and Optimizer Statistics & Automated Maintenance Tasks
  • Statistic Gathering Options & Setting Statistic Preferences
  • Restore Statistics
  • Deferred Statistics Publishing: Overview & Example
  • Automatic SQL Tuning: Overview
  • Increasing the Size of an SGA Component, SGA Sizing Parameters & Manually Resizing Dynamic SGA Parameters
  • Automatic Shared Memory Management & Memory Broker Architecture
  • Behavior of Auto-Tuned & Manually TunedSGA Parameters
  • Using the V$PARAMETER View & Resizing SGA_TARGET
  • Disabling, Configuring & Monitoring Automatic Shared Memory Management (ASMM)
  • Automatic Memory Management

18.  Tuning Segment Space Usage

  • Space and Extent Management & Locally Managed Extents
  • How Table Data Is Stored & Anatomy of a Database Block
  • Minimize Block Visits
  • The DB_BLOCK_SIZE Parameter
  • Small & Large Block Size: Considerations
  • Block Allocation, Free Lists & Block Space Management with Free Lists
  • Automatic Segment Space Management
  • Migration and Chaining, Shrinking Segments & Table Compression: Overview

19.  Tuning I/O

  • I/O Architecture, File System Characteristics, I/O Modes & Direct I/O
  • Bandwidth Versus Size & Important I/O Metrics for Oracle Databases
  • I/O Calibration and Enterprise Manager, I/O Calibration and the PL/SQL Interface & I/O Statistics and Enterprise Manager
  • Stripe and Mirror Everything
  • Using RAID
  • I/O Diagnostics
  • Database I/O Tuning
  • What Is Automatic Storage Management?

20.  Performance Tuning Summary

  • Best practices identified throughout the course
  • Summarize the performance tuning methodology

21.  Appendix B: Using Statspack

  • Installing Statspack
  • Capturing Statspack Snapshots
  • Reporting with Statspack
  • Statspack Considerations
  • Statspack and AWR Reports
  • Reading a Statspack Report
  • Statspack and AWR.
  • Học tại Hồ Chí Minh

  • Học tại Hà Nội

  • Học trực tuyến


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